Git 101- Part 2 (A bit More Advance)

git-local-remoteAfter the first post on Git 101, here is a set of commands you will use after the first 15-20 minutes of working with it. Some are very useful (e.g. stash your work before you can commit it in order to go for a quick coffee when your code is not done) and some are a quite rare (e.g. setting up a git on a remote server). Good luck.

Update & Merge

Creating a branch (and switching to the new branch) in one line

git checkout -b "The new branch name"

  • git pull – to update your local repository to the newest commit. It will fetch and merge remote changes.
  • git merge – to merge another branch into your active branch (e.g. master).
    Remember that in both cases, git tries to auto-merge changes. IF you have conflicts, You are responsible to merge those conflicts manually by editing the files shown by git. After changing, you need to mark them as merged with
    git add
  • Preview changes before merging them
    git diff


Creating a stash (think of it as a temporary place, like a clipboard to save changes without marking them deep in history) of changes to allow you to switch branches without committing.

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Chrome, JavaScript, webdev

Debug NodeJS Like A Pro

NodeJS Debugging with Chrome

NodeJS Debugging with Chrome

Anyone who is building an application find out that, what is starting as ‘small project’, becoming very quickly bigger and bigger monster. You can use console.log on small projects but as they are growing you will need better tools. In the arena of “JavaScript on the server” there weren’t many tools to debug your code effectively. However, with the power of open-source projects like: Node, Blink and others there are few powerful ways to debug you code like a pro.

First, for the one that are a bit confuse about NodeJS. Well, it’s not a “JavaScript web server” but an environment to run JavaScript on the server. It is using V8 engine so the performances are very compelling. After using NodeJS inside Compute engine I got few questions about the debugging options. In the past, developers needed to use console.log and similar ‘printing’ commands in order to understand what is going under the hood of their script. But as we mention, when you get out of the area of 100 lines script and your application contain different modules and many more lines of code. You need a debugger (and hopefully other tools like profiler) in your hands. Luckily, we can use Chrome (=Blink) dev tools for your NodeJS applications.
Here are the main steps and the ways to leverage your new ‘hammer’. Continue reading

Business, life

7 Amazing Techmarkers

google-techmarkersI was lucky enough to be in the room for their final rehearsal (yep… it was in the same room that I gave my I/O talk). However, I could not focus on preparing, because their stories were so powerful and inspiring. Each and everyone had a story that kept the ‘wow’ effect. If you have time this weekend… you won’t regrat it. Continue reading

Chrome, HTML5, JavaScript, mobile, webdev

How To Use IndexedDB – Simple(st) Example

In the past few months, I’ve saw many developers that use  local storage for ‘big data’ on the client side. Local storage is a powerful API that let developer save key-value data on the browser. However, it’s got some limitation like: synchronize operation that make it less efficient when it’s heavily used. Moreover, it should replace simple cases (e.g. saving the user state) and not in scenarios where you wish to save lots of data and then have the ability to ‘slide and dice’ it base on your needs with effiency. For that, we used to have WebSQL (which as you know is deprecated from 2010) and the new cool kid in town – IndexedDB. Here I will try to give you a short example that will run nicly both on IE10, Firefox (that match the spec) and Chrome (which need to tune a bit the setVersion update to call onupgrade). IE10 will support IndexedDB as well – so it’s great news to web developers in terms of ‘wild’ support for this important API in browsers. I wish we will see soon Safari (specially, on the mobile) match Chrome for android and give us the ability to leverage indexedDB both on Android and iOS.

Ok, as Linus said: “talking is cheap, show me some code”… Let’s go over the example code. In this example we will save todos to keep things simple. Classic, no? In the end of the post, I will also give two other examples of a ‘todo app’ the use indexedDB, WebSQL and jQueryMobile.

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Chrome, HTML5, JavaScript, mobile, webdev

HTML5 Modern Web App and Google Cloud Endpoints (Part 2 Of 3)


  1. Google Plugin for Eclipse
  2. Google API JavaScript client library
  3. Sign up for Cloud Endpoints

User Experiences demands are pushing modern web apps to a more distributed architecture.  A pattern many developers have used is using a MVC framework on the client and communicate to the server with REST. Google App Engine’s easy to build, easy to manage environment makes it ideal for REST APIs for Web backends.  At Google IO 2012, we made it much easier to build REST APIs on App Engine with Cloud Endpoints.

Cloud Endpoints enables you to build REST and RPC APIs in App Engine.  It leverages the same infrastructure  Google uses for its own API and as such, you get strongly typed clients for Android, and IOS as well as a lightweight client for JavaScript which we will be walking through in this presentation.

In getting ready for IO, Ido and I thought we’d build a modern web application using Cloud Endpoints.  We decided on a topic that would be relevant to both App Engine and the general web developer community, something we both have some interest in and something generally useful…. a Beer rating and review web application.

Try it out yourself at:  http://birra-io2012.appspot.com/

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Chrome, HTML5, JavaScript, mobile, php, webdev

Modern Web Apps at Scale With Google App Engine (Part 1 Out Of 3)

modern web apps exampleThere is no secret that today any developer that wish to built the next G+Path, Instagram etc’ must think on two major aspects:

  • Server Side / Cloud Service that she is going to use in order to create the API. Here we must answer some important questions like:
          1. What will I do if I get a huge spike in traffic?
          2. Will I need to manage it? Do I have to do it?
          3. How will I communicate with different clients?
          4. Which technology to use in order to store: data, state etc’
  • Client side technology
    • Web technologies: HTML5, CSS3
    • Mobile native app: Android, iOS and Windows.
In this post I’ll be focusing on the client side (and later this summer I’ll have another few posts on the server side) and what we should use in order to build a modern web application.

Modern Web App

It’s not an easy definition since web technology is running very fast. Nevertheless, we can find certain features across successful web apps:

  • Self Contained & Functional– They all have one specific goal and they do their best to provide the users the functionality to get to her goal. Few examples:
    • New York Times – Consume news.
    • Hipmunk – Find a flight that is the ‘perfect’ for your needs.
    • Gojee – Find the recipe you would taste and say WOW after it.
  • “Offline first” – You will want your web app to work offline. It’s an important feature that will let your users be productive on places like: planes, subways and on spots like: Starbucks when you don’t have (always) good connection. Another very important benefit will be the improve in performance. Since the app will work locally (first) and then sync the state/data the users will get responsiveness that are far better from an app that need to ‘wait’ for network on every action that the user does.
  • Client Side Architecture – Since we are moving big parts of our ‘logic’ to the client we need to think about methods that will keep our code readable and maintainable. I guess this is the main reason why we see so many MVC Frameworks. The only advice I can give here is to try few of the popular ones and see how they approach the separation between the data and the UI. If you have some time go over The Top 10 Javascript MVC Frameworks Reviewed. Then, after you try ‘some’ you will be able to pick the one that fit the bill in the best way. For the busy developer (I know… most of us don’t have too much free time 🙂 – Go and play with these three MVC (some will say it should be MV* because it’s not really MVC more MVVM, MVP):
ember.jsEmber.js – Don’t waste time making trivial choices angular.js Angular.js -Lets you extend HTML vocabulary for your application backbone.jsBackbone.js – gives structure to web applications by providing models with binding, collections and views
  • Device Aware – We all know that mobile is going ‘up and right’. So when you design your web app you should think on progressive enhancement and how it will fit  to different screen sizes. Good examples to look at are: Gmail, Flipboard and Twitter. If you want to go deeper on this interesting subject there is a webcast on ‘mobile web apps’ I did with Oreilly three weeks ago. You can go over the slides as well.

Challenges and Solutions

Challenge: What to do first (mobile app, web app, both). Focus is the most important thing for a startup so what should we do?
Solution: Built on the server a RESTful API that allow you to consume it from any platform. The way to work with an API is similar (more or less) to all the platforms although in the web we have some interesting new tools that we can use. If you are working with Google APIs here is a new API Explorer that is very useful to browse the capabilities of each API and to try it live.
Challenge: How to make the web app functional with clear goal?
Solution: Invest time and effort in your UX (and later the UI). Some taking it a step further and say that you should focus only on great UX and all the rest will follow. Who said apple?
Challenge: How should I work with RESTful APIs (in our case – google ones)
Solution: The first excellent tool will be Google JavaScript Client Library  Why it’s so powerful?
  1. It save us the trouble to reinvent the wheel and built simple functionality like: CRUD operations, list, order, search etc’. It’s all baked in it.
  2. It provide us some powerful new features:
    1. RPC Batch
    2. CORS
    3. Authentication out of the box
    4. Version control
    5. Super Simple
Challenge: How to make my application ‘offline first’?
Solution: With HTML5 we have few APIs that let us create web apps that will work great when there is no connection. The first step is to pretend that there’s no internet connection. It will force you to implement a sync layer that works only when online. So you will give the users the ability to add/edit/remove data and when the connection is online your app logic will do the syncing with the server. In order to have our app offline we should use two important features:
  1. Storing (static) assets: we can use AppCache. It’s our ability to save locally our html, js, css files and all the images, sound files etc’.
  2. Storing data: localStorage, IndexedDB, File API. This is a hot (and large) topic. I would suggest to read deeper on when and where to use each over at html5rock.com


Challenge: There are so many web services I would love to hook into my app – How can I do it without reinventing the wheel each time? In other words, I want to give my users the ability to edit photos, share on twitter, g+ and Linkedin (just to name few).
Solution: WebIntent! If you are familiar with the intent system that is flourishing in Android you know what I’m talking about. We now have a powerful solution for the web. Web Intents is a framework for client-side service discovery and inter-application communication. The code you need to add to your app is as simple as:

var sharingDetails = "Check out my....";
var intent = new Intent(

The best part is that it will work on most browsers with JavaScript shim and in Chrome (19+) it’s built into the browser natively!

Google Chrome FrameChallenge: What can I do on old browsers that do not support HMTL5 very well?
Solution: Google Chrome Frame is an open source plug-in that seamlessly brings Google Chrome’s open web technologies and speedy JavaScript engine to IE. You can add it to your web app with one line of meta tag: <meta http-equiv=”X-UA-Compatible” content=”chrome=1″> or configure the server to send this http header: X-UA-Compatible: chrome=1 in both scenarios your users will enjoy the wonderful world of chrome (v8, HTML5, CSS3, WebGL etc’) inside their IE. Important fact to remember is that your users do not need admin rights (on their windows PC) in order to install it.

I hope this gave you some points to think about during the planning and designing phase of your next web app. For startups and developers that have an app in production, I would suggest to check what are the building blocks that will make sense to implement first (e.g. web intent, clean the client code by refactoring it to an MVC framework etc’).
This is the first post in a series of posts, I hope to cover Google App Engine in the next one and then combine the two worlds in the last post that will be more of a ‘cookbook’ to best practices of leveraging Google App Engine and HTML5.