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Raspberry Pi As Security Camera With Motion Detection

It was a fun weekend project I did with my kids. We started with a new Pi Zero and in a few hours (of many ‘paths’ to nowhere) we got into the point of having a useful security camera. The useful part is when the camera sends you alerts (email or Telegram messages) when it detects movements.

We open the package and connected the Pi Zero to a USB power, a keyboard, a mouse and monitor. We cut a bit a corner by buying an SD card with NOOBS on it but it wasn’t working (nothing was coming up on the screen when we boot the Pi). So we downloaded a new version from Raspian Jessie 4.4 from NOOBS and install it. Now when we boot the Pi we got a new screen. We open the terminal and typed:

sudo raspi-config

This will open the Raspberry Pi Configuration tool.

In the tool you should make sure to enable:

  • The Camera – after all we need the camera as our input source.
  • The SSH Server – So we could work like pros.
  • Boot to command line without manual login.

At the terminal prompt type enter:

passwd

(!) Make sure to have a strong password so no one could connect to your Pi.

Update your new OS with:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Now it’s a good time to check that your camera is working. Type:

raspistill -o theFirstImageFromPi.jpg

We will go with Motion as it got a low footprint. After all the Pi got very limited resources in terms of CPU, Memory.

The first step is to install motion. You can type:

sudo apt-get install motion

If something is not working with the apt-get you can try to download the last releases and install it with gdebi tool:

sudo apt-get install gdebi-core

wget https://github.com/Motion-Project/motion/releases/download/release-4.1.1/pi_jessie_motion_4.1.1-1_armhf.deb

sudo gdebi pi_jessie_motion_4.1.1-1_armhf.deb

Configuration

You can open the configuration file in edit mode by entering:

mkdir ~/.motion
cp /etc/motion/motion.conf ~/.motion/motion.conf

sudo vi ~/.motion/motion.conf

Next go to this motion.conf gist and just copy it.

Executing

motion -c ~/.motion/motion.conf

You can connect to the web page that steam the videos at:

http://YourLocalPi-IP-address:9081 <-- Stream page

http://YourLocalPi-IP-address:9080 <-- Admin page

Alerts

We will set two types of alerts: emails and telegram messages.

Emails

sudo apt-get install ssmtp
sudo apt-get install mailutils
sudo apt-get install mpack
sudo vi /etc/ssmtp/ssmtp.conf

# Below is the content for ssmtp.conf file. Make sure it's NOT your main gmail as we have the password here without encryption!

root=postmaster
mailhub=smtp.gmail.com:587
hostname=ras-pi
AuthUser=yourGmailUser@gmail.com
AuthPass=YourGmailPass
FromLineOverride=YES
UseSTARTTLS=YES

Now test that you can send emails:

mpack -s "The first email from my new Pi" /home/pi/logs/motion/someFile.txt yourEmail@gmail.com

(!) Don’t worry as the motion.conf file is already configure to use mpack and send you the emails with the images once a motion is being detected! 

Telegram

Now, if you like Telegram and wish to get these alerts in it as well – just use this IFTT integration between your gmail and telegram.

Last but not least, add the starting of motion to your rc.local file:

motion -c ~/.motion/motion.conf

You should also put a little script to clean images from Pi once the du -h is giving your less then ~25% of free space.

Done.

Be safe and happy.

Here is the motion.conf file:

# Motion for Pi project – main conf.
# This config file was generated by motion 4.0
#
# Author: @greenido
#
# Date: 10/2018
#
# See: https://greenido.wordpress.com/?p=9397
#
# IMPORTANT: Please search after TODO and make sure you change them with your settings.
#
############################################################
# Daemon
############################################################
# Start in daemon (background) mode and release terminal (default: off)
daemon off
# File to store the process ID, also called pid file. (default: not defined)
process_id_file /var/run/motion/motion.pid
############################################################
# Basic Setup Mode
############################################################
# Start in Setup-Mode, daemon disabled. (default: off)
setup_mode off
# Use a file to save logs messages, if not defined stderr and syslog is used. (default: not defined)
logfile /var/log/motion-project/motion.log
# Level of log messages [1..9] (EMG, ALR, CRT, ERR, WRN, NTC, INF, DBG, ALL). (default: 6 / NTC)
log_level 7
# Filter to log messages by type (COR, STR, ENC, NET, DBL, EVT, TRK, VID, ALL). (default: ALL)
log_type all
###########################################################
# Capture device options
############################################################
# Videodevice to be used for capturing (default /dev/video0)
# for FreeBSD default is /dev/bktr0
videodevice /dev/video0
# v4l2_palette allows one to choose preferable palette to be use by motion
# to capture from those supported by your videodevice. (default: 17)
# E.g. if your videodevice supports both V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR8 and
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_MJPEG then motion will by default use V4L2_PIX_FMT_MJPEG.
# Setting v4l2_palette to 2 forces motion to use V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR8
# instead.
#
# Values :
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_SN9C10X : 0 'S910'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR16 : 1 'BYR2'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_SBGGR8 : 2 'BA81'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_SPCA561 : 3 'S561'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGBRG8 : 4 'GBRG'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_SGRBG8 : 5 'GRBG'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_PAC207 : 6 'P207'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_PJPG : 7 'PJPG'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_MJPEG : 8 'MJPEG'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_JPEG : 9 'JPEG'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_RGB24 : 10 'RGB3'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_SPCA501 : 11 'S501'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_SPCA505 : 12 'S505'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_SPCA508 : 13 'S508'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_UYVY : 14 'UYVY'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUYV : 15 'YUYV'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV422P : 16 '422P'
# V4L2_PIX_FMT_YUV420 : 17 'YU12'
#
v4l2_palette 17
# Tuner device to be used for capturing using tuner as source (default /dev/tuner0)
# This is ONLY used for FreeBSD. Leave it commented out for Linux
; tunerdevice /dev/tuner0
# The video input to be used (default: -1)
# Should normally be set to 0 or 1 for video/TV cards, and -1 for USB cameras
# Set to 0 for uvideo(4) on OpenBSD
input -1
# The video norm to use (only for video capture and TV tuner cards)
# Values: 0 (PAL), 1 (NTSC), 2 (SECAM), 3 (PAL NC no colour). Default: 0 (PAL)
norm 0
# The frequency to set the tuner to (kHz) (only for TV tuner cards) (default: 0)
frequency 0
# Override the power line frequency for the webcam. (normally not necessary)
# Values:
# -1 : Do not modify device setting
# 0 : Power line frequency Disabled
# 1 : 50hz
# 2 : 60hz
# 3 : Auto
power_line_frequency -1
# Rotate image this number of degrees. The rotation affects all saved images as
# well as movies. Valid values: 0 (default = no rotation), 90, 180 and 270.
rotate 0
# Image width (pixels). Valid range: Camera dependent, default: 352
width 640
# Image height (pixels). Valid range: Camera dependent, default: 288
height 480
# Maximum number of frames to be captured per second.
# Valid range: 2-100. Default: 100 (almost no limit).
framerate 2
# Minimum time in seconds between capturing picture frames from the camera.
# Default: 0 = disabled – the capture rate is given by the camera framerate.
# This option is used when you want to capture images at a rate lower than 2 per second.
minimum_frame_time 0
# URL to use if you are using a network camera, size will be autodetected (incl http:// ftp:// mjpg:// rtsp:// mjpeg:// or file:///)
# Must be a URL that returns single jpeg pictures or a raw mjpeg stream. A trailing slash may be required for some cameras.
# Default: Not defined
; netcam_url value
# Username and password for network camera (only if required). Default: not defined
# Syntax is user:password
; netcam_userpass value
# The setting for keep-alive of network socket, should improve performance on compatible net cameras.
# off: The historical implementation using HTTP/1.0, closing the socket after each http request.
# force: Use HTTP/1.0 requests with keep alive header to reuse the same connection.
# on: Use HTTP/1.1 requests that support keep alive as default.
# Default: off
netcam_keepalive off
# URL to use for a netcam proxy server, if required, e.g. "http://myproxy&quot;.
# If a port number other than 80 is needed, use "http://myproxy:1234&quot;.
# Default: not defined
; netcam_proxy value
# Set less strict jpeg checks for network cameras with a poor/buggy firmware.
# Default: off
netcam_tolerant_check off
# RTSP connection uses TCP to communicate to the camera. Can prevent image corruption.
# Default: on
rtsp_uses_tcp on
# Name of camera to use if you are using a camera accessed through OpenMax/MMAL
# Default: Not defined
mmalcam_name vc.ril.camera
# Camera control parameters (see raspivid/raspistill tool documentation)
# Default: Not defined
; mmalcam_control_params -hf
# Let motion regulate the brightness of a video device (default: off).
# The auto_brightness feature uses the brightness option as its target value.
# If brightness is zero auto_brightness will adjust to average brightness value 128.
# Only recommended for cameras without auto brightness
auto_brightness off
# Set the initial brightness of a video device.
# If auto_brightness is enabled, this value defines the average brightness level
# which Motion will try and adjust to.
# Valid range 0-255, default 0 = disabled
brightness 0
# Set the contrast of a video device.
# Valid range 0-255, default 0 = disabled
contrast 0
# Set the saturation of a video device.
# Valid range 0-255, default 0 = disabled
saturation 0
# Set the hue of a video device (NTSC feature).
# Valid range 0-255, default 0 = disabled
hue 0
############################################################
# Round Robin (multiple inputs on same video device name)
############################################################
# Number of frames to capture in each roundrobin step (default: 1)
roundrobin_frames 1
# Number of frames to skip before each roundrobin step (default: 1)
roundrobin_skip 1
# Try to filter out noise generated by roundrobin (default: off)
switchfilter off
############################################################
# Motion Detection Settings:
############################################################
# Threshold for number of changed pixels in an image that
# triggers motion detection (default: 1500) –
# TODO: try few number to reduce the false/positives ratio
#
threshold 2500
# Automatically tune the threshold down if possible (default: off)
threshold_tune off
# Noise threshold for the motion detection (default: 32)
noise_level 32
# Automatically tune the noise threshold (default: on)
noise_tune on
# Despeckle motion image using (e)rode or (d)ilate or (l)abel (Default: not defined)
# Recommended value is EedDl. Any combination (and number of) of E, e, d, and D is valid.
# (l)abeling must only be used once and the 'l' must be the last letter.
# Comment out to disable
despeckle_filter EedDl
# Detect motion in predefined areas (1 – 9). Areas are numbered like that: 1 2 3
# A script (on_area_detected) is started immediately when motion is 4 5 6
# detected in one of the given areas, but only once during an event. 7 8 9
# One or more areas can be specified with this option. Take care: This option
# does NOT restrict detection to these areas! (Default: not defined)
; area_detect 4,5,6
# PGM file to use as a sensitivity mask.
# Full path name to. (Default: not defined)
; mask_file value
# Dynamically create a mask file during operation (default: 0)
# Adjust speed of mask changes from 0 (off) to 10 (fast)
smart_mask_speed 0
# Ignore sudden massive light intensity changes given as a percentage of the picture
# area that changed intensity. Valid range: 0 – 100 , default: 0 = disabled
lightswitch 0
# Picture frames must contain motion at least the specified number of frames
# in a row before they are detected as true motion. At the default of 1, all
# motion is detected. Valid range: 1 to thousands, recommended 1-5
minimum_motion_frames 1
# Specifies the number of pre-captured (buffered) pictures from before motion
# was detected that will be output at motion detection.
# Recommended range: 0 to 5 (default: 0)
# Do not use large values! Large values will cause Motion to skip video frames and
# cause unsmooth movies. To smooth movies use larger values of post_capture instead.
pre_capture 0
# Number of frames to capture after motion is no longer detected (default: 0)
post_capture 0
# Event Gap is the seconds of no motion detection that triggers the end of an event.
# An event is defined as a series of motion images taken within a short timeframe.
# Recommended value is 60 seconds (Default). The value -1 is allowed and disables
# events causing all Motion to be written to one single movie file and no pre_capture.
# If set to 0, motion is running in gapless mode. Movies don't have gaps anymore. An
# event ends right after no more motion is detected and post_capture is over.
event_gap 45
# Maximum length in seconds of a movie
# When value is exceeded a new movie file is created. (Default: 0 = infinite)
max_movie_time 0
# Always save images even if there was no motion (default: off)
emulate_motion off
############################################################
# Image File Output
############################################################
# Output 'normal' pictures when motion is detected (default: on)
# Valid values: on, off, first, best, center
# When set to 'first', only the first picture of an event is saved.
# Picture with most motion of an event is saved when set to 'best'.
# Picture with motion nearest center of picture is saved when set to 'center'.
# Can be used as preview shot for the corresponding movie.
output_pictures center
# Output pictures with only the pixels moving object (ghost images) (default: off)
output_debug_pictures off
# The quality (in percent) to be used by the jpeg compression (default: 75)
quality 80
# Type of output images
# Valid values: jpeg, ppm (default: jpeg)
picture_type jpeg
############################################################
# FFMPEG related options
# Film (movies) file output, and deinterlacing of the video input
# The options movie_filename and timelapse_filename are also used
# by the ffmpeg feature
############################################################
# Use ffmpeg to encode movies in realtime (default: off)
ffmpeg_output_movies off
# Use ffmpeg to make movies with only the pixels moving
# object (ghost images) (default: off)
ffmpeg_output_debug_movies off
# Use ffmpeg to encode a timelapse movie
# Default value 0 = off – else save frame every Nth second
ffmpeg_timelapse 0
# The file rollover mode of the timelapse video
# Valid values: hourly, daily (default), weekly-sunday, weekly-monday, monthly, manual
ffmpeg_timelapse_mode daily
# Bitrate to be used by the ffmpeg encoder (default: 400000)
# This option is ignored if ffmpeg_variable_bitrate is not 0 (disabled)
ffmpeg_bps 400000
# Enables and defines variable bitrate for the ffmpeg encoder.
# ffmpeg_bps is ignored if variable bitrate is enabled.
# Valid values: 0 (default) = fixed bitrate defined by ffmpeg_bps,
# or the range 1 – 100 where 1 means worst quality and 100 is best.
ffmpeg_variable_bitrate 0
# Codec to used by ffmpeg for the video compression.
# Timelapse videos have two options.
# mpg – Creates mpg file with mpeg-2 encoding.
# If motion is shutdown and restarted, new pics will be appended
# to any previously created file with name indicated for timelapse.
# mpeg4 – Creates avi file with the default encoding.
# If motion is shutdown and restarted, new pics will create a
# new file with the name indicated for timelapse.
# Supported formats are:
# mpeg4 or msmpeg4 – gives you files with extension .avi
# msmpeg4 is recommended for use with Windows Media Player because
# it requires no installation of codec on the Windows client.
# swf – gives you a flash film with extension .swf
# flv – gives you a flash video with extension .flv
# ffv1 – FF video codec 1 for Lossless Encoding
# mov – QuickTime
# mp4 – MPEG-4 Part 14 H264 encoding
# mkv – Matroska H264 encoding
# hevc – H.265 / HEVC (High Efficiency Video Coding)
ffmpeg_video_codec mpeg4
# When creating videos, should frames be duplicated in order
# to keep up with the requested frames per second
# (default: true)
ffmpeg_duplicate_frames true
############################################################
# SDL Window
############################################################
# Number of motion thread to show in SDL Window (default: 0 = disabled)
#sdl_threadnr 0
############################################################
# External pipe to video encoder
# Replacement for FFMPEG builtin encoder for ffmpeg_output_movies only.
# The options movie_filename and timelapse_filename are also used
# by the ffmpeg feature
#############################################################
# Bool to enable or disable extpipe (default: off)
use_extpipe off
# External program (full path and opts) to pipe raw video to
# Generally, use '-' for STDIN…
;extpipe mencoder -demuxer rawvideo -rawvideo w=%w:h=%h:i420 -ovc x264 -x264encopts bframes=4:frameref=1:subq=1:scenecut=-1:nob_adapt:threads=1:keyint=1000:8x8dct:vbv_bufsize=4000:crf=24:partitions=i8x8,i4x4:vbv_maxrate=800:no-chroma-me -vf denoise3d=16:12:48:4,pp=lb -of avi -o %f.avi – -fps %fps
;extpipe x264 – –input-res %wx%h –fps %fps –bitrate 2000 –preset ultrafast –quiet -o %f.mp4
;extpipe mencoder -demuxer rawvideo -rawvideo w=%w:h=%h:fps=%fps -ovc x264 -x264encopts preset=ultrafast -of lavf -o %f.mp4 – -fps %fps
;extpipe ffmpeg -y -f rawvideo -pix_fmt yuv420p -video_size %wx%h -framerate %fps -i pipe:0 -vcodec libx264 -preset ultrafast -f mp4 %f.mp4
############################################################
# Snapshots (Traditional Periodic Webcam File Output)
############################################################
# Make automated snapshot every N seconds (default: 0 = disabled)
snapshot_interval 0
############################################################
# Text Display
# %Y = year, %m = month, %d = date,
# %H = hour, %M = minute, %S = second, %T = HH:MM:SS,
# %v = event, %q = frame number, %t = camera id number,
# %D = changed pixels, %N = noise level, \n = new line,
# %i and %J = width and height of motion area,
# %K and %L = X and Y coordinates of motion center
# %C = value defined by text_event – do not use with text_event!
# You can put quotation marks around the text to allow
# leading spaces
############################################################
# Locate and draw a box around the moving object.
# Valid values: on, off, preview (default: off)
# Set to 'preview' will only draw a box in preview_shot pictures.
locate_motion_mode on
# Set the look and style of the locate box if enabled.
# Valid values: box, redbox, cross, redcross (default: box)
# Set to 'box' will draw the traditional box.
# Set to 'redbox' will draw a red box.
# Set to 'cross' will draw a little cross to mark center.
# Set to 'redcross' will draw a little red cross to mark center.
locate_motion_style cross
# Draws the timestamp using same options as C function strftime(3)
# Default: %Y-%m-%d\n%T = date in ISO format and time in 24 hour clock
# Text is placed in lower right corner
text_right %Y-%m-%d\n%T-%q
# Draw a user defined text on the images using same options as C function strftime(3)
# Default: Not defined = no text
# Text is placed in lower left corner
; text_left CAMERA %t
# Draw the number of changed pixed on the images (default: off)
# Will normally be set to off except when you setup and adjust the motion settings
# Text is placed in upper right corner
text_changes on
# This option defines the value of the special event conversion specifier %C
# You can use any conversion specifier in this option except %C. Date and time
# values are from the timestamp of the first image in the current event.
# Default: %Y%m%d%H%M%S
# The idea is that %C can be used filenames and text_left/right for creating
# a unique identifier for each event.
text_event %Y%m%d%H%M%S
# Draw characters at twice normal size on images. (default: off)
text_double off
# Text to include in a JPEG EXIF comment
# May be any text, including conversion specifiers.
# The EXIF timestamp is included independent of this text.
;exif_text %i%J/%K%L
############################################################
# Target Directories and filenames For Images And Films
# For the options snapshot_, picture_, movie_ and timelapse_filename
# you can use conversion specifiers
# %Y = year, %m = month, %d = date,
# %H = hour, %M = minute, %S = second,
# %v = event, %q = frame number, %t = camera id number,
# %D = changed pixels, %N = noise level,
# %i and %J = width and height of motion area,
# %K and %L = X and Y coordinates of motion center
# %C = value defined by text_event
# Quotation marks round string are allowed.
############################################################
# Target base directory for pictures and films
# Recommended to use absolute path. (Default: current working directory)
;target_dir /var/lib/motion
target_dir /home/pi/logs/motion/
# File path for snapshots (jpeg or ppm) relative to target_dir
# Default: %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S-snapshot
# Default value is equivalent to legacy oldlayout option
# For Motion 3.0 compatible mode choose: %Y/%m/%d/%H/%M/%S-snapshot
# File extension .jpg or .ppm is automatically added so do not include this.
# Note: A symbolic link called lastsnap.jpg created in the target_dir will always
# point to the latest snapshot, unless snapshot_filename is exactly 'lastsnap'
snapshot_filename %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S-snapshot
# File path for motion triggered images (jpeg or ppm) relative to target_dir
# Default: %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S-%q
# Default value is equivalent to legacy oldlayout option
# For Motion 3.0 compatible mode choose: %Y/%m/%d/%H/%M/%S-%q
# File extension .jpg or .ppm is automatically added so do not include this
# Set to 'preview' together with best-preview feature enables special naming
# convention for preview shots. See motion guide for details
picture_filename %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S-%q
# File path for motion triggered ffmpeg films (movies) relative to target_dir
# Default: %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S
# File extensions(.mpg .avi) are automatically added so do not include them
movie_filename %v-%Y%m%d%H%M%S
# File path for timelapse movies relative to target_dir
# Default: %Y%m%d-timelapse
# File extensions(.mpg .avi) are automatically added so do not include them
timelapse_filename %Y%m%d-timelapse
############################################################
# Global Network Options
############################################################
# Enable IPv6 (default: off)
ipv6_enabled off
############################################################
# Live Stream Server
############################################################
# The mini-http server listens to this port for requests (default: 0 = disabled)
stream_port 9081
# Quality of the jpeg (in percent) images produced (default: 50)
stream_quality 50
# Output frames at 1 fps when no motion is detected and increase to the
# rate given by stream_maxrate when motion is detected (default: off)
stream_motion off
# Maximum framerate for stream streams (default: 1)
stream_maxrate 1
# Restrict stream connections to localhost only (default: on)
stream_localhost off
# Limits the number of images per connection (default: 0 = unlimited)
# Number can be defined by multiplying actual stream rate by desired number of seconds
# Actual stream rate is the smallest of the numbers framerate and stream_maxrate
stream_limit 0
# Set the authentication method (default: 0)
# 0 = disabled
# 1 = Basic authentication
# 2 = MD5 digest (the safer authentication)
stream_auth_method 0
# Authentication for the stream. Syntax username:password
# Default: not defined (Disabled)
; stream_authentication username:password
# Percentage to scale the stream image for preview
# Default: 25
; stream_preview_scale 25
# Have stream preview image start on a new line
# Default: no
; stream_preview_newline no
############################################################
# HTTP Based Control
############################################################
# TCP/IP port for the http server to listen on (default: 0 = disabled)
webcontrol_port 9080
# Restrict control connections to localhost only (default: on)
webcontrol_localhost on
# Output for http server, select off to choose raw text plain (default: on)
webcontrol_html_output on
# Authentication for the http based control. Syntax username:password
# Default: not defined (Disabled)
#
# (!) TODO – change the line below!
#
webcontrol_authentication yourUserName:TODO-put-here-a-strong-password
############################################################
# Tracking (Pan/Tilt)
#############################################################
# Type of tracker (0=none (default), 1=stepper, 2=iomojo, 3=pwc, 4=generic, 5=uvcvideo, 6=servo)
# The generic type enables the definition of motion center and motion size to
# be used with the conversion specifiers for options like on_motion_detected
track_type 0
# Enable auto tracking (default: off)
track_auto off
# Serial port of motor (default: none)
;track_port /dev/ttyS0
# Motor number for x-axis (default: 0)
;track_motorx 0
# Set motorx reverse (default: 0)
;track_motorx_reverse 0
# Motor number for y-axis (default: 0)
;track_motory 1
# Set motory reverse (default: 0)
;track_motory_reverse 0
# Maximum value on x-axis (default: 0)
;track_maxx 200
# Minimum value on x-axis (default: 0)
;track_minx 50
# Maximum value on y-axis (default: 0)
;track_maxy 200
# Minimum value on y-axis (default: 0)
;track_miny 50
# Center value on x-axis (default: 0)
;track_homex 128
# Center value on y-axis (default: 0)
;track_homey 128
# ID of an iomojo camera if used (default: 0)
track_iomojo_id 0
# Angle in degrees the camera moves per step on the X-axis
# with auto-track (default: 10)
# Currently only used with pwc type cameras
track_step_angle_x 10
# Angle in degrees the camera moves per step on the Y-axis
# with auto-track (default: 10)
# Currently only used with pwc type cameras
track_step_angle_y 10
# Delay to wait for after tracking movement as number
# of picture frames (default: 10)
track_move_wait 10
# Speed to set the motor to (stepper motor option) (default: 255)
track_speed 255
# Number of steps to make (stepper motor option) (default: 40)
track_stepsize 40
############################################################
# External Commands, Warnings and Logging:
# You can use conversion specifiers for the on_xxxx commands
# %Y = year, %m = month, %d = date,
# %H = hour, %M = minute, %S = second,
# %v = event, %q = frame number, %t = camera id number,
# %D = changed pixels, %N = noise level,
# %i and %J = width and height of motion area,
# %K and %L = X and Y coordinates of motion center
# %C = value defined by text_event
# %f = filename with full path
# %n = number indicating filetype
# Both %f and %n are only defined for on_picture_save,
# on_movie_start and on_movie_end
# Quotation marks round string are allowed.
############################################################
# Do not sound beeps when detecting motion (default: on)
# Note: Motion never beeps when running in daemon mode.
quiet on
# Command to be executed when an event starts. (default: none)
# An event starts at first motion detected after a period of no motion defined by event_gap
; on_event_start value
# Command to be executed when an event ends after a period of no motion
# (default: none). The period of no motion is defined by option event_gap.
; on_event_end value
# Command to be executed when a picture (.ppm|.jpg) is saved (default: none)
# To give the filename as an argument to a command append it with %f
#
# TODO: change the email below
#
on_picture_save mpack -s "Camera has detected Motion!" %f YourEmail@gmail.com
# Command to be executed when a motion frame is detected (default: none)
;on_motion_detected
# Command to be executed when motion in a predefined area is detected
# Check option 'area_detect'. (default: none)
#
; on_area_detected
# Command to be executed when a movie file (.mpg|.avi) is created. (default: none)
# To give the filename as an argument to a command append it with %f
; on_movie_start value
# Command to be executed when a movie file (.mpg|.avi) is closed. (default: none)
# To give the filename as an argument to a command append it with %f
; on_movie_end value
# Command to be executed when a camera can't be opened or if it is lost
# NOTE: There is situations when motion don't detect a lost camera!
# It depends on the driver, some drivers dosn't detect a lost camera at all
# Some hangs the motion thread. Some even hangs the PC! (default: none)
; on_camera_lost value
#####################################################################
# Common Options for database features.
# Options require database options to be active also.
#####################################################################
# Log to the database when creating motion triggered picture file (default: on)
; sql_log_picture on
# Log to the database when creating a snapshot image file (default: on)
; sql_log_snapshot on
# Log to the database when creating motion triggered movie file (default: off)
; sql_log_movie off
# Log to the database when creating timelapse movies file (default: off)
; sql_log_timelapse off
# SQL query string that is sent to the database
# Use same conversion specifiers has for text features
# Additional special conversion specifiers are
# %n = the number representing the file_type
# %f = filename with full path
# Default value:
# Create tables :
##
# Mysql
# CREATE TABLE security (camera int, filename char(80) not null, frame int, file_type int, time_stamp timestamp(14), event_time_stamp timestamp(14));
#
# Postgresql
# CREATE TABLE security (camera int, filename char(80) not null, frame int, file_type int, time_stamp timestamp without time zone, event_time_stamp timestamp without time zone);
#
# insert into security(camera, filename, frame, file_type, time_stamp, text_event) values('%t', '%f', '%q', '%n', '%Y-%m-%d %T', '%C')
; sql_query insert into security(camera, filename, frame, file_type, time_stamp, event_time_stamp) values('%t', '%f', '%q', '%n', '%Y-%m-%d %T', '%C')
############################################################
# Database Options
############################################################
# database type : mysql, postgresql, sqlite3 (default : not defined)
; database_type value
# database to log to (default: not defined)
# for sqlite3, the full path and name for the database.
; database_dbname value
# The host on which the database is located (default: localhost)
; database_host value
# User account name for database (default: not defined)
; database_user value
# User password for database (default: not defined)
; database_password value
# Port on which the database is located
# mysql 3306 , postgresql 5432 (default: not defined)
; database_port value
# Database wait time in milliseconds for locked database to
# be unlocked before returning database locked error (default 0)
; database_busy_timeout 0
############################################################
# Video Loopback Device (vloopback project)
############################################################
# Output images to a video4linux loopback device
# The value '-' means next available (default: not defined)
; video_pipe value
# Output motion images to a video4linux loopback device
# The value '-' means next available (default: not defined)
; motion_video_pipe value
##############################################################
# camera config files – One for each camera.
# Except if only one camera – You only need this config file.
# If you have more than one camera you MUST define one camera
# config file for each camera in addition to this config file.
##############################################################
# Remember: If you have more than one camera you must have one
# camera file for each camera. E.g. 2 cameras requires 3 files:
# This motion.conf file AND camera1.conf and camera2.conf.
# Only put the options that are unique to each camera in the
# camera config files.
; camera /etc/motion/camera1.conf
; camera /etc/motion/camera2.conf
; camera /etc/motion/camera3.conf
; camera /etc/motion/camera4.conf
##############################################################
# Camera config directory – One for each camera.
##############################################################
#
; camera_dir /etc/motion/conf.d
view raw motion.conf hosted with ❤ by GitHub
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One thought on “Raspberry Pi As Security Camera With Motion Detection

  1. Paul says:

    hey! this looks great, can you clarify how to link the email to Telegram – the link you posted doesn’t appear to work and I’d like to get this rather than the email…

    cheers,
    p

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